John Newbery Elementary School

 

LIBRARY MEDIA CENTER

 
 

  Citing Sources  

How to Write a Bibliography Using MLA Style

When you gather information for a report or other project, you should keep track of the sources you used to give credit to the person or persons who wrote or produced the material.

A good way to give credit is in a bibliography. The following examples will help you create your bibliography:

Click on the item listed under your grade level

Grades 4-5
Grades 2-3

Books

 

Books

Print Encyclopedias and other Reference Books

 

Print Encyclopedias and other Reference Books

Magazines

 

Magazines

CD-ROM and other Computer Programs

 

CD-ROM and other Computer Programs

Videotapes, DVD's

 

Videotapes, DVD's

Online Sources (Internet)

 

Online Sources (Internet)

Interviews

 

Interviews

Grades 4-5

BOOKS

Format:

1. Author IF available (last name first).
2. Title (underlined).
3. City where the book is published:
4. Publisher,
5. latest copyright date of text.

Examples:

Book by one author:

Fradin, Dennis. Astronomy. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1983.

Book by two or more authors:

Harris, Alan and Paul Weissman. The Great Voyager Adventure. Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
Messner,1990.
Edited book:
Smith, Carter, ed. Governing and Teaching: A Sourcebook on Colonial America.
Brookfield, CT.: Millbrook, 1991.
Book with no author:Visual Dictionary of Animals. New York: Dorling Kindersley, 1991.
Return to Top

PRINT ENCYCLOPEDIAS and other REFERENCE BOOKS

Format:

1. Author IF available (last name first).
2. "Title of article" (in quotation marks).
3. Title of encyclopedia or reference book (underlined).
4. Latest copyright date.

Examples:

Article with author:

Bluford, Jr., Guion."Astronaut." World Book Encyclopedia.1993.

Article without author:

"Deer." Compton's Encyclopedia and Fact Index. 1993.

Return to Top

 MAGAZINES

 

Format:<

1. Author (last name first).
2. "Title of the article" (in quotation marks).
3. Title of the magazine (underlined).
4. Date (day month year):
5. Page numbers of the article.

Example:

Bowman, Rebecca. "Westward Stop and Go." Cobblestone. October 1998: 8-12.

Return to Top

CD-ROM and other COMPUTER PROGRAMS

Format:

1. Author name IF article is signed (last name first).
2. "Title of article" (in quotation marks).
3. Title of program (underlined).
4. Medium.
5. Production company,
6. copyright date.

Examples:

Article with author:

Bluford, Jr., Guion."Astronaut." World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia. CD-ROM.
World Book, Inc., 1994.

Article without author:

"Aardvark: Totally Tubular." San Diego Zoo Presents ... THE ANIMALS! 2.0. CD-ROM.
Arnowitz Studios, 1994.
 Return to Top

VIDEOTAPES, DVD's

Format:

1. Title (underlined).
2. Medium (videocassette, etc).
3. Production company,
4. Copyright date.
5. Time length.

Example:

Seeds of Liberty. Videocassette. Rainbow Educational Video, 1993. 22 min.

Return to Top

ONLINE SOURCES (Internet)

Format:

1. Author (last name first) IF article is signed.
2. Title of item (underlined).
3. Date posted.
4. Sponsoring organization.
5. Date of access.
6. Electronic address.

Examples:

Article with author:

Dejoie, Joyce and Elizabeth Truelove. StarChild Project. 1997. NASA.
September 25, 1997. <http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/StarChild.html

Article without author:

Benjamin Franklin: Glimpses of the Man. 1996. The Franklin Institute. 13 Jan. 1997.
http://sln.fi.edu/franklin/rotten.html
Return to Top

INTERVIEWS

Format:

1. Name of person interviewed (last name first).
2. Type of interview.
3. Date.

Examples:

Cruise, Tom. Personal interview. 25 Sept. 1997.

Return to Top


Grades 2-3

BOOKS

Format:

1. Author IF available (last name first).
2. Title (underlined).
3. latest copyright date of text.

Examples:

Book by one author:

Fradin, Dennis. Astronomy.1983.

Book by two or more authors:

Harris, Alan and Paul Weissman. The Great Voyager Adventure. 1990.

Edited book:

Smith, Carter, ed. Governing and Teaching: A Sourcebook on Colonial America. 1991.

Book with no author:Visual Dictionary of Animals. 1991.

Return to Top

PRINT ENCYCLOPEDIAS and other REFERENCE BOOKS

Format:

1. "Title of article" (in quotation marks).
2. Title of encyclopedia or reference book (underlined).
3. Latest copyright date.

Example:

"Deer." Compton's Encyclopedia and Fact Index. 1993.

Return to Top

MAGAZINES

Format:

1. Title of the magazine (underlined).
2. Date (day month year):

Example:

Cobblestone. October 1998.

Return to Top

CD-ROM and other COMPUTER PROGRAMS 

Format:

1. "Title of program (underlined).
2. Medium (CD-ROM).

Example:

San Diego Zoo Presents ... THE ANIMALS! 2.0. CD-ROM.

 Return to Top

VIDEOTAPES, DVD's

Format:

1. Title (underlined).
2. Medium (videocassette, filmstrip, etc).

Example:

Seeds of Liberty. Videocassette. 

Return to Top

ONLINE SOURCES (Internet)

Format:

1. Title of item (underlined).
2. Date of access.
3. Electronic address.

Example:

Benjamin Franklin: Glimpses of the Man. 13 Jan. 1997.
http://sln.fi.edu/franklin/rotten.html
Return to Top

INTERVIEWS

Format:

1. Name of person interviewed (last name first).
2. Type of interview.
3. Date.

Examples:

Cruise, Tom. Personal interview. 25 Sept. 1997.

Return to Top

Sources consulted:

Electronic Sources: MLA Style. 26 March 2003. The Write Source Web Site. 28 April 2003. http://www.classroom.com/community/connection/howto/citeresources.jhtml

Kemper, Dave, et al. Writer's Express: A Handbook for Young Writers, Thinkers and Learners. New York: Write Source, 1995.

Valenza, Joyce. Power Tools: 100+ Essential Forms and Presentations for Your School Library Information Program. Chicago: American Library Association, 1998.